PROBLEM: Improvement of people's quality of life by respecting the constraints of environmental sustainability

Authors: Aldo Salvatore Coraggio
Date added: 2nd January 2022, 10:54:13

Linked Problems

No linked problems available.


No linked reviews available.

Full text


Since the first information we have about the existence of the human race on earth in the form of organized groups, tribes, countries, nations. . . we can verify that there have always been people who for various reasons have found themselves in a position to use other people in order to satisfy their desires. History is full of examples of small and large, from the construction of the pyramids at the time of the ancient Egyptians, where people were subjected by the use of force, up to the current psychological conditioning of billions of people, carried out mainly through the use of television. But what are the real causes that still make all this possible? Truth is like a big apple, everyone sees a small part but is convinced to see it all and until we realize that the apple is much larger than you might imagine, for the sake of its own truth, each of we may be able to commit the worst atrocities. Under present conditions, this awareness can come from the experiences of life, only if you can match them with themselves, curbing the impulses coming from your ego.

Today, unfortunately, this process is hindered by the educational and social context that in most cases it leads to the exact opposite.

In the past, however, many people have given us a principle that leads to overcoming this difficulty. This principle is known as "The Golden Rule" and is present in practically all the major monotheistic religions of the world, representing in many cases the backbone. Here is a list of some versions:

The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity

CHRISTIANITY (~ 2.4 billion people): Ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them. that you love one another. (1 John 3:34) (Jesus of Nazareth)

ISLAM (~ 1, 5 billion people): None of you is a true believer until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself. (Sunan)

HINDU (~ 1 billion people): Do not do to your neighbor anything after that would not want him to do to you. (Mahabharata)

BUDDHISM (~ 0.58 billion people): Do not do harm to others in ways that you would find harmful to you.

Taoism(~0.4 billion people): Consider the advantage of your neighbor as your own advantage, and his loss like yours. (T'aiShang / Kaningp'ein)

Sikhism (~ 0.027 billion people): How do you consider yourself, so consider others.

JUDAISM (~ 0.01 5 billion people): What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others, the rest is commentary (Talmud Shabbat "31 / a)

Jainism (~ 0.009 billion people): He who desires his own good, should avoid causing any kind of harm to another living being. (Mahavira 599a.C. - 527 BC)

Baha'i (~ 0.007 billion people): Do not consider this to be a benefit to yourself, but look at the benefit of mankind. (Baha'u'llah 1 81 7-1892)

CONFUCIANISM (~ 0.006 billion people): Do not do to others what you would not like them to do to you . (Confucius 551 BC - 479 BC)

Pittacus (650 BC - 570 BC): Do not do to your neighbor what you would offend if done by him.

Thales (635 BC - 543 BC): Avoid doing what you do not want others to do. Isocrates (436 BC - 338 BC) : Do not do to others what you would fill with anger if done to you by others.

Epictetus (50-125 A.D.): What you would avoid to bear for you, try not to impose it on others.

Dalai Lama Instead of being unhappy and filled with hate, we should rejoice in the success of others.

native Americans Condemn my brother only a�er walking a mile in his moccasins.

Note that when we refer to others we mean:

- people close to us, - people in distant places but who are affected by our daily actions

- future generations, who not by their own will will find themselves living in a world that will be the result of our actions.


The golden rule also goes by the name of the ethics of reciprocity because in fact it is like recognizing oneself in the other. I would say that this concept should be extended to all forms of life, that is to recognize that our life is only possible thanks to the life of all that surrounds us. It would seem that most of the inhabitants of the earth to share this principle, but unfortunately as we all know this is only true in theory, in practice very few people are asking the question seriously and try to live by applying this rule. . . paying the consequences on their skin.

In today's society the golden rule is considered a good thing, but only in words, in reality there are no laws or mechanisms that drive people to behave in accordance with this principle, who holds the school is personal gain and everything revolves around the god of money . The results are before our eyes, we live in a world where wars are on the agenda, we are destroying the environment in which we live, a small minority holds a huge amount of resources and so on. . . I'm not here to do a full list would be too long. The question I have asked my self is: if almost all share this principle why we are not yet able to apply it in our daily lives?

One of the main obstacles is definitely the lack of knowledge of both themselves that everything that surrounds us, not surprisingly in the past and today, the most powerful means that the dominant people have used to maintain their position of dominance over others was to keep the others, as much as possible in a state of ignorance. In addition, knowledge, information, culture, are all key elements in order to live in accordance with the rule. How can I not respect or harm to another person if you do not know what is important for the latter?

How can I with my daily actions do no harm to the environment that surrounds me if you do not know the mechanisms that regulate and balance for millions of years? I did it to myself many questions, not always find the answers, but one thing I see very clearly now, the ethic of reciprocity is the only path that can lead us out of the quagmire in which we find ourselves.

rights and duties We can best summarize the previous observations in the two rights and two duties that go to stating the following:

1) Everyone has the right to live a higher quality life to a minimum. Those of us who want the evil itself? Who wants a life of misery and worries? is therefore essential, to avoid falling into contradiction recognize this right for each individual. For minimum threshold means that the lowest standard of quality of life should be a goal to be asked constantly improving with the contribution of all.

2) Everyone has the right to the preservation of their cultural identity and to respect for their personal dignity. If your family members you have communicated certain values, would you be willing to substitute for taxation? Would you like to be insulted, mistreated, despised, shunned? No one can take the right to impose their own customs to others, you need the utmost respect for peaceful coexistence.

3) Everyone has the duty to undertake to maintain a minimum level of education. As already mentioned, culture is an essential element in order to live in accordance with the rule, and then in a society that seeks to live by this principle deepen the knowledge (of oneself and what surrounds us) is a personal responsibility of each of us.

4) Everyone has the duty to undertake to respect and preserve the life and the balance of all life forms that have been established on the earth since its inception.


Everything that has been written so far, the principles to which reference is made, are of universal validity and are directed to every single person, regardless of whether they are a member of an aboriginal tribe in Australia or an American citizen.

Any group of people who claim to share these principles should have the following objectives in their governing bodies:

1) raise the minimum threshold of quality of life and the cultural level

2) to ensure social development in harmony with the natural balance existing

3) Establish and promote meritocratic systems for the benefit of the people who contribute most, through the provision of socially useful goods and services, to achieve the first two objectives.

This objective aims at achieving the first two, through the activities that I have defined as "activities of production of goods and provision of socially useful services" that are all necessary to ensure a good level of quality of life in the context of a society based on the principles set out above. We will call a company like this "reciprocal system" as opposed to the current "capitalist system" based on the principles that we know of competition, competition and the free market.


Looking at our daily lives we can immediately realize that the majority of our concerns arise mainly from the lack of work / money, if a person is able to get by without being able to accumulate a minimum of savings, concerns increase as we become account of not being able to cope with any unforeseen circumstances, these concerns in a civilized society should not exist. Ensure a good level of quality of life for all, it means, as free as possible from the individual concerns of every day, this should be one of the main objectives to be pursued globally.

The main commitments for each of us should be :

- To produce value in the form of material goods and / or service

- Increase your level of education (history, art, science, current events)

- Taking care of our environment, the biosphere, our only true wealth

The production of goods by means of our hands or by machines produced, however, by the hands of other individuals, plus the provision of both material and intellectual are the only human activities that give an added value useful to social development.

We go on to analyze what are the human activities necessary to ensure a good level of quality of life. The categories of socially useful activities Here's an exhaustive list of the areas of socially useful activities divided into three groups:

Business sectors of production of material goods:

Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry, Food, Fish, Manufacturing, Cra�, Construction, Metals, Mining, Mechanical, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Textiles, Pulp and Paper, Plastic, Electronic, Automotive, Railways, Shipbuilding, Building Technology, Industrial Plant Engineering, Aeronautics, Aerospace .

Areas of provision of services and equipment:

Health / Sports / Health, Transportation, Environmental, Public Policy, Resources Management (Water, Energy, Raw Materials), Environmental Monitoring, Maintenance, Distribution of Goods, Catering, Hospitality, Tourism.

Areas of providing intellectual services:

Education, Research, Design (goods, services, so�ware), International Cooperation, Justice, administrative.

As you can see, all these items you will not find banks, credit systems and everything that is related to money, simply because the money is not part of the human need, the money we have invented to facilitate trade in goods and services.

The use of money has had its usefulness over the years and has certainly contributed both to the level of actual development and the creation of all the problems of "modern society". The real wealth is not tied to money, but to the production of goods and provision of the services listed, provided by each of us.

Only someone who has a personal contribution in one of these activities, as an added value to social development.

Each person should have a clear understanding of what the important things are, that is :

1) The environment in which we live (resources): nature will not adapt to our whims, we must be aware of the fact that we live in a closed system and in perfect balance (the biosphere) and that our capitalist system, based on the continued growth and on the 'reckless use of resources, taking us quickly when disaster strikes.

2) respect for our fellow human beings and all forms of life: you can not get on with arrogance, cunning used for the exploitation of others, rather it will be necessary to unite our minds in a common effort to overcome the challenges that the future holds for us.

We need to replace the word "competition" with the word "cooperation" In fact, in a society based on the ethics of reciprocity, personal profit, competition as a means for survival, the desire to possess things, they no longer make any sense. But as you might think nowadays to live without the use of money?  At first glance it might seem impossible and perhaps even after thinking about it a bit, but there are a few things that many people not consider. The first one, is the fact that, over time, the money, which was born as a means to facilitate the exchange of goods and services, someone, or rather a group of people (who have accumulated so much money was) made sure that the money itself was considered a good thing, so that today you can buy even money!

We are at a crucial point in our history, on what we can do now depends the future, not of the earth, which has overcome much more serious disasters, but of humanity. Let us realize that only by implementing a system change, radical and worldwide, we can have some chance of survival. Just taking advantage of the tools and technologies that we have today we can do it, but more importantly, only if we unite under one common principle shared by all the inhabitants of the earth, never do to others what you would not want done to yourself. Comparison between the capitalist system and reciprocal system Let us now focus on the differences between the two systems, it is not a simple exercise, but let's start by analyzing the differences between competition and cooperation. The competition is what nature has imprinted in our DNA, all life on earth has evolved through it, all the plant and animal world there is a constant struggle for survival, who survives longer able to exploit weaknesses the other with no holds barred, it is a matter of life or death. But if we were able to distinguish ourselves from the rest of the animal world (for better or worse) is because we have developed the use of reason, the ability to organize ourselves in collaborative groups and well-coordinated, this is what has allowed us to overcome many limitations that nature had imposed. It 'so thanks to the cooperation that we have come, in part, to dominate the forces of nature, the competition allows you to survive, but cooperation allows you to move forward. Today we have the feeling that nature is something at our disposal and that we can do and undo what we want, but be careful, because it is not, we are part of it and not masters.   

Related publications

View related publications